The Gulf War began in 1990 in response to Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait, becoming a concern because they are a major oil supplier to the United States. The invasion also posed a threat of taking over the neighboring nation of Saudi Arabia, another major exporter of oil. The protection of Saudi Arabia became known as Operation Desert Shield, later known as Operation Desert Storm. Bush then led military action and peacekeeping efforts in Serbia and Bosnia. Saddam Hussein, leader of the Iraqi military, went to war in order to expand Iraq’s boundaries. Bush called for Hussein’s withdrawal from Kuwait and imposed an embargo and trade sanctions on the country. Bush then successfully persuaded the United Nations to authorize the use of force against Hussein and his army if he did not withdraw from Kuwait. The United States Congress voted for involvement in the East, and the war was quickly won by the coalition forces led by the U.S. military. Iraqi forces withdrew from Kuwait and to avoid a protracted war and retain Russian and France support for the UN coalition, Bush did not try to occupy Iraq or remove Hussein from power.
One of the 697,000 Americans troops sent overseas, Lieutenant Robert Allen Johnson. Johnson went overseas to serve his country willingly along with about 30 fellow platoon members to Kuwait. They participated in the Desert Storm mission, spending long days and nights for the liberation of Kuwait. The troops, equipped in 50-60 pounds of equipment, fought in extreme desert weather during the day and chilled nights. For Johnson's service he received a basic military parachuter badge, several commendation army medals, army achievement medals, Kuwait campaign medal and many more. Johnson currently resides on Wadsworth Road.